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Hazrat Usman bin Affan (RA)
The third caliph Hazrat Usman bin Affan (RA) still has a current account in a bank in Saudi Arabia. Even today electricity and water bills come in the name of Hazrat Usman. When the Muslims migrated to Madinah, there was a severe shortage of clean drinking water. One Jew’s well was “Beer Roma” which sold water to Muslims at exorbitant prices.
The Muslims informed the Holy Prophet of their distress.
On the days of the Jew, no one went to buy water.
He said, “I have been offered many times over.”
The man said: I offer three times, four times, and more. Finally, the man said, “Who is the one who is offering you ten times as much?” Hazrat Usman (AS) said: My Allah offers me ten times the reward for one my good deed. With the passage of time, a palm grove was formed around the well.
The number of palm trees in it is fifteen hundred and fifty.
The life of Hazrat Usman ibn Affan (RA), the third Caliph of Islam, was marked by his significant contributions to the early Muslim community, as well as the challenges he faced during his rule. Here is a brief overview of the conclusion of his life:
Hazrat Usman’s caliphate began in 644 CE, following the assassination of Caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab (RA). During his rule, he continued many of the policies and practices established by his predecessors. He is particularly known for his efforts to compile the Quran into a single written text and his support for expanding the Islamic empire through military campaigns.
However, Hazrat Usman’s caliphate also faced internal challenges and dissent. One of the most significant controversies during his rule was related to his administration and appointments of family members to key positions. This led to discontent among some segments of the Muslim community, eventually culminating in a rebellion.
In 656 CE, a group of rebels surrounded Hazrat Usman’s house in Medina, demanding his resignation. Despite efforts to negotiate, the situation escalated, leading to a prolonged siege. Hazrat Usman and his supporters were ultimately unable to quell the rebellion, and he was tragically martyred in his own house.
Hazrat Usman’s assassination marked a turning point in early Islamic history and had far-reaching consequences. His death led to a succession crisis and further divisions within the Muslim community, eventually contributing to the emergence of the Sunni-Shia divide.
Hazrat Usman is remembered for his piety, generosity, and contributions to the early development of Islam. His efforts to compile the Quran into a standardized written form played a crucial role in preserving the sacred scripture for future generations. Despite the challenges and controversies of his rule, he is regarded as a companion of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and a significant figure in Islamic history.
What is Hazrat Usman known for?
Hazrat Usman ibn Affan (may Allah be pleased with him) was the third caliph of Islam and is known for several significant contributions and accomplishments:
- Compilation of the Quran: One of the most notable achievements of Hazrat Usman was the compilation and standardization of the Quran. During his caliphate, he ordered the collection of all scattered written fragments of the Quran into a single official copy. This ensured the preservation and accuracy of the Quranic text for generations to come.
- Generosity and Philanthropy: Hazrat Usman was known for his immense generosity and support for the Muslim community. He was among the early converts to Islam and used his wealth to provide financial aid to the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and the Muslim community during times of need.
- Expansion of the Islamic Empire: During his rule, the Islamic empire expanded significantly through various military campaigns, reaching new regions and bringing more people into the fold of Islam. This expansion helped spread the message of Islam and established its presence across a wider geographical area.
- Patronage of Scholars: Hazrat Usman supported scholars and the dissemination of Islamic knowledge. He is reported to have encouraged the writing down of hadiths (sayings and actions of the Prophet) and provided assistance to scholars who compiled and transmitted these teachings.
- Martyrdom: Unfortunately, Hazrat Usman’s caliphate also witnessed internal conflicts within the Muslim community. These conflicts eventually led to his assassination in 656 CE. His steadfastness and patience during this challenging period earned him the honor of being considered a martyr in Islamic tradition.
Hazrat Usman’s legacy is respected and revered within the Islamic tradition for his dedication to the preservation of the Quran, his contributions to the early Islamic community, and his sacrifices for the sake of Islam.
Who was Hazrat Usman wife?
Hazrat Usman ibn Affan (may Allah be pleased with him) had several wives over the course of his life. One of his well-known wives was Ruqayyah bint Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), also known as Umm Kulthum. She was the daughter of Prophet Muhammad and Khadijah (may Allah be pleased with her). Ruqayyah was married to Hazrat Usman before his appointment as the third Caliph of Islam. After her passing, Hazrat Usman married other women, including Umm Amr bint Jundab and Umm Kulthum bint Ali (may Allah be pleased with them all).
What was the nickname of Hazrat Usman?
The nickname of Hazrat Usman ibn Affan (may Allah be pleased with him), the third Caliph of Islam, was “Dhun-Nurayn,” which means “Possessor of Two Lights.” This nickname was given to him by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) due to his marriage to two of the Prophet’s daughters, Ruqayyah and later Umm Kulthum.
What was the character of Hazrat Usman?
Hazrat Usman ibn Affan (r.a.) was the third Caliph of Islam, succeeding Hazrat Umar ibn al-Khattab and preceding Hazrat Ali ibn Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased with them all). He is considered one of the closest companions of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and is highly revered by Muslims for his contributions to the early Islamic community.
Characteristics of Hazrat Usman (r.a.) include:
- Piety and Faithfulness: Hazrat Usman was known for his deep faith in Islam and his unwavering devotion to Allah and His Messenger. He embraced Islam at an early age and was known for his righteousness and moral character.
- Generosity: He was renowned for his extreme generosity and willingness to contribute to the welfare of the Muslim community. He would often spend his wealth to support the needs of the less fortunate and to further the cause of Islam.
- Relationship with the Prophet: Hazrat Usman had a close and special relationship with Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). He was married to two of the Prophet’s daughters: Ruqayyah and later Umm Kulthum. This kinship highlighted his esteemed status in the eyes of the Prophet.
- Compilation of the Quran: Hazrat Usman played a crucial role in the compilation of the Quran into a single written text. During his caliphate, he ordered the standardization of the Quranic text to ensure its accuracy and authenticity. This effort helped preserve the Quran for future generations.
- Modesty and Humility: He was known for his modesty and humility, despite his wealth and high status. He avoided ostentation and worldly pomp, setting an example for others to follow.
- Calm and Diplomatic Nature: Hazrat Usman was known for his calm and diplomatic approach to matters. His leadership style emphasized consultation and consensus-building.
- Martyrdom: Tragically, Hazrat Usman’s caliphate ended in his martyrdom. He faced opposition from certain factions within the Muslim community, which eventually led to his assassination in 656 CE. His willingness to endure hardship and his steadfastness in upholding the principles of justice and unity left a lasting legacy.
It’s important to note that the character of Hazrat Usman (r.a.) is a subject of admiration and respect among Muslims, and he holds a special place in Islamic history for his contributions to the early Muslim community and his role in the spread and preservation of Islam.